Dunmore A History 1916
12th February: Deering Estate
“The Deering estate is being split up and divided. Portion of the Dunmore Demesne is being striped into holdings of 20 acres each, and the remaining 80 acres remaining is to be reserved for the accommodation of milch cows of the townspeople. Notice has also been given to grazing tenants in respect of farms on the estate that it is the intention of the Board to take over immediately for the purpose of striping operations. The recent drainage of the river by the Board has had a very beneficial effect, especially in the Slieve moving the bog district”1
24th April: Easter Rising commences in Dublin
29th April: Pádraig Pearse orders the Volunteers to surrender.
3rd-12th May: Many of the leaders of the Rising are executed. The execution of the leaders was to cause a major change in the attitude of the Irish people towards the Easter Rising.
4th November: “Who’s free to speak of Easter Week” in Dunmore
“The fortnightly court was held on Thursday before Messers Hinkson, R.M (in the chair), S.J McDonogh, M. Gleeson, and C. Kelly, J.P’s. The King at the prosecution of D.I Sheahan, charged James Tuohy, Castlerea, described as a secondhand clothes dealer, with an offence under the Defence of the Realm Act Regulations by shouting on the public street of Dunmore-‘Who fears to speak of Easter Week, who dares its fate deplore?’ such being portion of seditious ballad. Accused was under bail. Te deposition of Constable Patrick Carey which was red and affirmed by him set forth that on the9th inst. he and Constable Gallivan were on duty in the town at about a quarter past ten o’clock. They heard a voice at the cross shouting, ‘Who fears to speak of Easter Week?’ He recognised the voice to be that of James Touhy of Castlerea whom he had known for about four years. Deponent and Constable Gallivan proceeded to cross and there saw the accused and a man named Peter Moloney of Gaiter Street. Moloney was trying to bring the accused away. Deponent cautioned the accused, who subsequently went as far as Naughton’s public house and shouted, ‘Who fears to speak of Easter Week, who dares its fate deplore?’ at the same time as asking Moloney to study that. They then arrested the accused and brought him to the barracks. On his being searched a seditious ballad was found in his possession entitled, ‘Easter Week’. Accused had a good deal of drink taken but was not drunk. Deponent took the accused to Athlone where he was brought before the Military Authorities and sent back by them for trial by the magistrates”.
“The Chairman remarked that there was not a great difference between the words, ‘Who fears to speak of ’98’ and ‘Who fears to speak of Easter Week’. He did not think that there was really so much because they both referred to similar transactions”.
Mr McDonogh said that his client, far from being a rebel or anything approaching it, is a loyal subject and has always been. He deals in second hand clothes and second hand military harness. He has received letters of character, which I beg to submit, from the head of the Constable of the R.I.C. in Castlerea, from his parish priest, from the Protestant rector, from Mr Sweeney,J.P., and from two or three other businessmen whose sympathies cannot be questioned. I don’t think that you worships will have any hesitation in dismissing the case”.
“The Chairman announced that as the bench was equally divided, the case would have to stand adjourned to the next day. Accused would be allowed out on bail”2
Times were getting tetchy and the simple lines from a ballad were sufficient to put the authorities on edge. It is amazing what the ‘letters of character’ can do in the Courtroom!
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1Team Herald 12th February 1916
2Ibid, 4th November 1916.